Berchemia discolor is a shrub or a tree m high; with a straight bole; rough, dark grey bark that flakes longitudinally; dense, rounded crown; slash yellow. Berchemia discolor. Authority, Hemsl. Family, Magnoliopsida:Rosidae: Rhamnales:Rhamnaceae. Synonyms. Common names. Editor. Ecocrop code, Widespread from Yemen, Somalia and Eritrea to South Africa in semi-arid bushland, wooded grassland as well as riverine vegetation, 0–1,

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Beerchemia major environmental function of a tree is ecosystem stability, particularly in times of climate change ; climate amelioration as shade, soil improvement and water conservation and carbon sink. The fruit is rich in valuable nutrients and is accessible year-round with significant overlap of fruit abundance at times of acute food and nutritional scarcity Johns and Eyzaguirre, Crude fiber content was expressed as a percentage loss in weight on ignition.

They are climbing plants or small to berhemia trees that occur in AfricaAsia and the Americas.

Berchemia – Wikipedia

The major habitats for B. Home Find plant View crop. Local coping and adaptation strategies to climate change and WEPs: University of Pennslvania African Studies Center. The sample calorific value was calculated in kcal by multiplying the percentages of carbohydrate, proteins and berhcemia lipid of fruits by factors 4, 4 and 9, respectively as used by FAO, RangannaUSDAAsibey-Berko and Tayie and AOAC The wood, which is yellow-brown, hard and attractive, is suitable for furniture and sticks.

Transhumance land uses, Cu: By using this site, you ddiscolor to the Bercbemia of Use and Privacy Policy. In terms of energy, the four WEPs are greater than Sorghum bicolor porridge, which is the stable food of semiarid people.


Wild foods provide diversity of nutrients in the diet of many households, especially in semi-arid and humid tropics Feyssa et al.

Berchemia discolor Images

The data suggested that wild fruits in the study area and almost certainly elsewhere, have great potential not only to bridge the hunger gap but also to supply essential nutrients during times of need. According to the key informants, B.

Determination of moisture and ash content: Habitat, abundance and densities of Berchemia discolor in the study area: The consumption of wild edible plants is also common and widespread in food security areas and in species diverse areas Tairo, ; Feyssa et al.

Averaged pooled summary of values for B.

The genus Berchemia is named in honour of a well-known French botanist, M. Red list of South African plants. Before the laboratory analysis of fruit, the species was identified through focus group discussions and field observations.

This generation old indigenous practices of local communities could provide baseline information for development activities in sustainable resources utilization, management, promotion of WEPs of east Shewa and Ethiopia in general.

Similar Articles in this Bechemia. Organic Carbon OC in the fruit was calculated using formula:. The importance of non-timber forest products in rural livelihood security and as safety nets: Essential nutrient content of Berchemia discolor across land uses: Total carbohydrates, crude proteincrude lipid, moisture and total ash contents berxhemia the fruit pulps ranged from 4.

Debela Hunde FeyssaJ.

Therefore, there is a need to support the local communities to properly utilize the species to enhance the adapting capacity to food insecurity and climate change in drylands.


Study report in south Ethiopia by Balemie and Kebebew strongly support this result. A Kjeldahl digestion tablet and 10 cm 3 of concentrated sulf uric acid were added and the sample was boiled until frothing stopped and the digested sample became clear.

Berchemia discolor

Proteins and carbohydrates B. Nutrition and the environment. Wild plant species, even for agrarian peoples or pastoralists who mainly used animal products, would have assumed a special importance during times of crop failure and famine Turner, Photographic guide to trees of dicolor Africa.

Driven by hunger, our ancestors ate whatever discolkr at hand. It also makes good firewood. It contributes to ecosystems diversity and provides habitats for several fauna. It occurs naturally in low-altitude bushveld, usually on river banks. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus.

Berchemia discolor Images – Useful Tropical Plants

In bwrchemia of the food and other multipurpose uses of Berchemia discolorresearch concerning the use, management and nutrition content of the species is inadequately documented in Ethiopia and obscure in the semiarid east Shewa.

The flowers are visited by bees. The fruits appear from January to July.

Contributions to food and healthcare security of the semiarid people. But the vitamin C content was often high and sometimes extremely high.