Egyptology must bear the exercise too, for we know in Ancient Egypt magic (” heka”) was the cornerstone of all major & minor state cults as well as being crucial. The magical word of Heka could mean several meanings to many people. Each of these meanings also signifies many faces of complex Egyptian magic and. In Egyptian magic, spells and conjurations are the most important aspects of a magical ritual. Spell casting is identifiable with a term called heka.
|Published (Last):||23 November 2015|
|PDF File Size:||11.49 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.75 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The word ‘magic’ has in the Western world often been described as a form of non-religious practise, used for blasphemous, personal and limited ends.
Therefore Egyptologists also have had some difficulties in explaining how ‘magic’ tied in with ancient Egyptian practises, wether religious or mundane.
Ancient Egypt never differed between the mundane and the religious world, so that is not really a problem; to them hema aspect of life was connected to the gods, and the word ‘religion’ did not even exist. The word ‘magic’ itself came down to us via the Coptic word hik during the Christian period, which equalled to the Greek mageia and the Latin magiaby which was meant illegal sorcery – there we have the root of the problem. The Coptic Hik was developed from the pre-Christian, Pharaonic times hq3i.
The Magic of Heka: Ancient Egyptian Rituals That Have Crossed Cultures and Time | Ancient Origins
Heka, which by no means had any illegal or evil connotations. Instead it was a divine force neccessary even for the hwka to draw power from. And now we can take a closer look at it: Heka in ancient Egypt depended on four components: Heka – the primeval potency that empowered the creator-god at the beginning of time. In the Coffin Texts, Spellit says that Heka existed: Seshaw – magical rituals or treatments.
Introduction to Heka
Pekhret – medicinal prescriptions. Morenz calls this ‘the expression of divine creativeness through thought and speech.
While we of the modern world differ very distinctly between body and soul as well hrka between prayers, ‘magic’ and classical medicine, the ancient Egyptians, along with many other cultures existing even today, did not.
They regarded it neccessary for all these components to be present and working together if ‘magic’ was to occur. Heka was both the ancient Egyptian deity Heka and the action of performing Heka.
It would perhaps be more correct to call it Life Force in Action. In our modern day the word ‘magic’ has other connotations than those the ancient Egyptians attached to their word heka. The word was neutral in itself and could be used to direct oneself to the very heart of cult and of creation, with the purpose of regaining the Cosmic Order and Balance when something had gone wrong.
The Magic of Heka: Ancient Egyptian Rituals That Have Crossed Cultures and Time
So, when used by humans, it was no more and no less a form of ritualized prayer. Several deities were connected to this concept: Weret-HekauGreat of Magic, was one of the titles of Asetand the same title was also used for Sekhmet. Words Words in themselves were regarded as divine, wether written or spoken and hwka to be treated with great respect.
To know the name of something meant to have power over it. This could also mean misusing the power of Heka for selfish or destructive motives. Then imitation of names meant that verbal trickery, such as puns, heeka and acrostics were regarded as powerful tools for as in many other cultures the method of application was based largely on imitation.
The ancient Egyptians believed that the replication of a name, image or mythical event would bring about a desired mmagic in the real world.
Heka, the ancient Egyptian magic
Heka in itself was therefore neutral, i. They never divided Heka in ‘black magic’ or white magic’ as Christian and other cultures did. Neither was the use of Heka culturally limited to only Egyptians; also other people and foreign enemies could use it, though in their own ways. Heka was not only particular to the deity who acted from and with it, humans too have life force and can of course use heka to come into contact with the divine.
The ancients believed that with the help of heka they could influence the world of the gods and gain protection, healing and support.
As heka was used both in temple ritual and in more informal situations, one sees the possible reason of equating it for “magic”. It had, however, nothing to do with evoking spirits or any supernatural phenomena. Heka and Healing Therefore healing of all kinds of illness were dependent on all of the above mentioned components to be present for it to be effective.
In Egyptian texts we understand that Egyptian religious belief and cult practise were closely interwoven with medical practice.