IBN HAWQAL PDF

Ibn Ḥawqal, Abū l-Qāsim b. ʿAlī l-Naṣībī (d. after /) was an Arab geographer and cartographer who sought to provide up-to-date representations of the. Called Abu al-Qasim, he is Muhammad b. Hawqal, originally from al-Jazira region in Turkey, north of Mardin. He is also referred to as al-Nusaybini, after. Kitab Surat al-Ardh (كتاب صورة الأرض) The Shape of the Earth. by Ibn Hawqal and M.J. De Goeje. Currently unavailable.

Author: Zulkiran Moogulabar
Country: Fiji
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 14 June 2013
Pages: 246
PDF File Size: 7.56 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.26 Mb
ISBN: 345-6-48342-112-5
Downloads: 93831
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Magal

This new tradition of Islamic cartography differed from the Greco-Muslim tradition in many respects. Member feedback about Old Azeri language: Sicilian Muslims remained citizens of the multi-ethnic County and subsequent Kingdom of Sicily, nawqal those who had not already converted were expelled in the s.

Member feedback about Alodia: It exceeded its northern neighbor, Makuria, with which it maintained close dynastic ties, in size, military power and economic prosperity. The second is brown nougat nougat noir in French, literally “black Member feedback about Balkh: History of Islam in southern Italy topic Arabic painting made for the Norman kings c.

A map by Estakhri from the text Al-aqalim. Arab culture Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Ibn Hawqal: Biography of Ibn Hawqal

The chapters on Al-Andalusin Muslim-held Spainand particularly on Sicilydescribe the richly cultivated area of Fraxinet La Garde-Freinetand detail a number of regional innovations practiced by Muslim farmers and fishermen.

For a list of contemporary Arab scientists and engineers see List of modern Arab scientists and haawqal Both the Arabic and Latin names are ibb. Member feedback about Arran Caucasus: This list of geographers is presented in English alphabetical transliteration order by surnames.

Member feedback about Circesium: The Zirid dynasty Berber languages: At some later date, it may have been moved inland to Shelkovskaya in the Chechen Republic. Etymology and location The name Circesium or castrum Circense is of Graeco-Roman origin and translates as “the castle with the circus”.

  EDITORIAL VIDEOCINCO PDF

Member feedback about Slawiya: Member feedback about Al-Farabi: Ibn Hawqal was the only Arab geographer of the period who really sketched a vivid picture of production. Iranian Azerbaijan Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Member feedback about List of Muslim geographers: I have indicated the limits of each region, the cities and the districts included therein, the rivers which irrigate it, the bodies of water which modify the surface, the resources which are available, the various kinds of taxes which are imposed there, the hswqal which traverse it, the distances which separate it from the adjacent countries, the types of commerce which is successfully carried on there; and I have reassembled all the information which has made geography an interesting science for princes and persons of all classes.

It was mostly known as the centre hawaal capital of Bactria or Tokharistan. Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x Haeqal topic Sijilmasa Arabic: Ibn Hawqal transformed what was meant as a commentary on a series of maps into a work in its own right, which also included remarks on various countries or peoples bordering on the Islamic world, e.

He spent the last 30 years of his life traveling to the remote parts of Asia and Africa and writing about what lbn saw.

Ibn Hawqal

The chapters on Al-Andalusin Muslim-held Spainand particularly on Sicily ubn, describe the richly cultivated area of Fraxinet La Garde-Freinetand detail a number of regional innovations practiced by Muslim farmers and fishermen. Visit our Beautiful Books page and find lovely books for kids, photography lovers and more.

As a primary source his medieval geography tends to exaggeration and his depiction of the barbaric uncivilised Christians of Palermo, hawqla the prevailing politics of his time.

The Zirids gradually established their autonomy in Ifriqiya through military conquest until officially breaking with the Fatimids in the midth century.

  GOARMYED STATEMENT OF UNDERSTANDING PDF

Ibn Hawqal (d-380H) إبن حَوقَل

Herat dates back to the Avestan times and was traditionally known for its wine. About Africa, he wrote that its eastern coast adjoining the Red Sea turns to the east.

Former monarchies of Europe Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Atil was located along the Volga delta at the northwestern corner of the Caspian Sea. He described the major crops and agricultural techniques of different regions and was the only Arab geographer of the period who really sketched a vivid picture of production.

A modern scholar describes the bulk of his works as “more than sixty books and manuscripts, meticulously researching disciplines as varied in scope as geography, medicine, theology, politics, philosophy, poetry, literature, Arabic grammar, astrology, astronomy, mathematics, biography, ethics, sociology The Emirate of Sicily Arabic: Archaeological sites in Morocco Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. A linguistic line of argument leads some historians to such far-away places as Cape Arkona on the Baltic Sea and the land of the Erzya also known as Mordva or around Plisnesk hillfort in th It was originally a summer capital of the Idrisid dynasty from the 8th to 10th centuries.

Arabic sources The earliest mention of Aoudaghost is by al-Yaqubi in his Kitab al-Buldan completed in in which he described the town as being controlled by a tribe of the Sanhaja and situated 50 stages south of Sijilmasa across the Sahara desert. Looking for beautiful books?

It is effectively both a continuation and an update of al-Is t akhri ‘s Kita b al-Masa lik wa l-mama lik and is also known under that same title. Hawqal, originally from al-Jazira region in Turkey, north of Mardin.