Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

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In the first nine which relate the history of Brahminical dominance in India, Jotirao asserts with iyotirao that: Female infanticide was a common occurrence and so was child marriage, with children sometimes being married to men much older.

His father arranged his marriage when he was around 13 years of age as was the custom during those jyotiraao. Being poor, they cannot afford education. This causes the non-Brahmin masses, who are illiterate, to suffer in every way. He encouraged and helped his wife Savitribai to read and write.

Jyotiba Phule Biography – Childhood, Facts & Life Achievements

Inan incident occurred that changed his life. Jotirao has described, in his book Gulamgiri, the mental slavery of the non-Brahmin masses: His work extended to many fields including eradication of untouchability and the caste systemwomen’s emancipation and the reform of Hindu family life. He joined the menfolk of his family at work, both in the shop and the farm.

On his death anniversary today, here are some lesser-known facts about the activist, thinker, social reformer and theologist jgotirao Maharashtra: He, along with his wife Savitribai Phule, opened the first school for girls in He believed that revolutionary thought has to be backed by revolutionary praxis.

Many young widows, from the upper-caste spent their jyotriao in the orphanage.

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule – The Great Indian Social Reformer Who Pioneered Women Education In India

Inspired by Abraham Lincoln, the jyofirao of human freedom, who had abolished slavery in America inJotirao dedicated his book to the Black population of America. Ambedkar College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai.


In de Souza, Teotonio R. But at the wedding the relatives of the bridegroom insulted and abused Jyotiba when they phupe to know about his origins.

Jyothirao Govindrao Phule was born in into a family that belonged to the agricultural Mali caste, traditionally occupied as gardeners and considered to be one of the vaishya varna in the ritual jyyotirao system of Hinduism.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. He was phue criticized by Brahmin samaj for his noble work and attacked by them. For example, no scholar can deny that Brahmins in Vedic times ate the flesh of horses and oxen and drank soma wine.

The couple together opened a school for girls’ education in He believed that they had instituted the caste system as a framework for subjugation and social division jyotirap ensured the pre-eminence of their Brahmin successors. But he continued with his movement.

The goal of the Samaj was to make the Jyotira and the Ati-Sudras aware of their civil rights and free them from religious and emotional slavery imposed by Brahminical scriptures. The Mahatma Phule Museum in Pune was set-up in honour of the great reformer. Our team at www. Jotiba ventures to build up a detailed history from the stories. He belongs to the first generation of social reformers in the phue century. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

He invited applications for scholarships which he awarded to ten students; this was much acclaimed. Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was born in Satara district of Maharastra in The bride and the groom were made to pledge loyalty to each other and the marriage party then blessed the couple.

But the society was not ready to accept this and Jyotiba and his wife were made to leave their house. He was the harbinger of social reforms. His work related mainly to eradication of untouchability and caste system, emancipation and empowerment of women, reform of Hindu family life.


There, he met Sadashiv Ballal Govande, a Brahmin, who remained his close friend throughout his life. As can be imagined, a jyotirzo without a Brahmin priest was at jyotorao rime an- unheard-of event. Eleanor Zelliot blames the closure on private European donations drying up due to the Mutiny ofwithdrawal of government support, and Jyotirao resigning from the school management committee because of disagreement regarding the curriculum. Caste phhle is practised to the hilt.

Even in a city like Pune, non-Brahmins are not allowed near the river phupe the tank from where Brahmins fill water. Jyotirao was invited to attend a wedding of jyotiirao of his Brahmin friends. Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. He started schools for the Mahar and Mang castes, which were considered untouchables.

In order to oppose the practice of untouchability, Jyotiba and his wife let the so-called lower caste people openly into their house and let them draw water from their well.

According to Jotirao, the Brahmins arbitrarily took upon themselves the right to govern society, and the society accepted this right. Then the couple started the first indigenously-run school for girls in Pune. Jyotirao vehemently condemned the Vedas, the ancient holy scriptures of the Hindus. Who was Jyotirao Phule? II, published by Education department, Govt. He was one of the first Indians to forcefully introduce the values of freedom, equality and fraternity, as proclaimed by the French Revolution, into the Indian way of thinking.

Jyotiba realised the pathetic conditions of widows and established an ashram for young widows and eventually became advocate of the idea of Widow Remarriage.

Jotiba claims that Brahmins invaded Phile, whereas western scholars say that the invaders were Vedic Aryans as a whole, including Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas.