Kandukuri Veeresalingam Rao Bahadur Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu ( Telugu: కందుకూరి వీరేశలింగం పంతులు; 16 April – 27 May ). Veeresalingam Kandukuri () and Paravastu Chinnayasuri are considered prophets of Modern Andhra. Veeresalingam awakened Andhras out of their. Kandukuri Veeresalingam stamp of Wikipedia. Date of birth, 16 April Rajamahendravaram.

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He is considered as the Father of renaissance movement in Telugu. He was one of the early social reformers who encouraged women education, remarriage of widows which was not supported by the society during his time and fought against dowry system. He also started a school in Dowlaiswaram in His novel Rajasekhara Charitramu is considered to be the first novel in Telugu literature.

He often considered as Raja Rammohan Roy of Andhra.

Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu (Andhra Social Reformer)

When he was six months old, he suffered from s mallpoxa dangerous disease during that time. But somehow he survived. He lost his father when he was four years old. He was adopted by his paternal veeresxlingam Venkataratnam. After studying in an Indian street school, he was later sent to English medium school where his talents were recognized.

His good nature and studiousness earned him the best student award in his school. He completed his matriculation in and got his first job as a teacher in Korangi village.

Considering literature as a weapon to fight against social evils, his writings also reflected the same. He wrote plays criticizing the attitude of Brahmin priests such as PrahladaSatya Harischandra Generally recognised as the first Telugu novel, it is inspired by The Vicar of Wakefielda novel by the Irish writer Oliver Goldsmith. He started his own Brahmo Mandir in Rajahmundry near bridge in One of the greatest reforms of Veeresalingam was to promote women’s education, which was considered to be a taboo in those days.

Inhe started a journal called Viveka Vardhini and published articles about women’s issues kanudkuri that era.

The magazine was initially printed at Chennai then Madrasbut with his writings gaining popularity, he established his own press at Rajahmundry. Remarriage of widows was not appreciated in the society during those days, and he opposed this by arguing that widows were not prohibited from remarrying by quoting verses from the Hindu Dharma Sastra to prove his point.

His opponents used to organize special meetings and debates to counter his arguments, and even resorted to physical violence against him when they failed to stop him. Undeterred, Veeresalingam started a Remarriage Association and sent his students all over Andhra Pradesh to find young men willing to marry widows. He arranged the first widow remarriage on 11 December For his reformist activities, Kandukuri gained attention all over the globe.

The Government, in appreciation of his work, conferred on him the title of Rao Bahadur in Later he established a Widow Home. Veeresalingam was married to Bapamma Rajyalakshmi in At the time of marriage, he was 13 years old, and his wife was 8. He died on 27 May at the age of His statue has been unveiled on the Beach Road in Vishakhapatnam.

Rajahmundry — Rajahmundry is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Godavari River, in East Godavari district of the state, the city is the mandal headquarters to both Rajahmundry and Rajahmundry mandals.

As of census, it is the sixth most populous city in the state, the city is most notable for its historic agricultural, economic and cultural backgrounds. One of the longest road cum rail bridges is on the Godavari River, connecting Kovvur, the Kotilingeswar Ghat temple on the banks of Godavari river is one of fifty five Shakti Peethas. In its earlier days, it was called Rajamahendravaram, but later, it was referred as Rajahmundry.

On 10 Octoberthe government made the announcement to rename the city with its original name. The city can be traced back to the rule of the Eastern Chalukya king Raja Raja Narendra who reigned around AD, remains of 11th century palaces and forts still exist. However, new evidence suggests that the town may have existed much before the Chalukyas. Rajahmundry was established by Ammaraja Vishnuvardhana the First, some people believe in this theory as Vishnuvardhana had the title Rajamahendra.

The Rajahmundry district was reorganised inbifurcated into the Godavari, during British rule, Rajahmundry was the headquarters of Godavari district. Godavari district was bifurcated into East and West Godavari districts in Rajamahendravaram was renamed Rajahmundry during the rule of the British, for whom the city was the headquarters of the Godavari district, when the district was split into East and West, Kakinada became the headquarters of East Godavari.


Rajahmundry is acclaimed as the birthplace of the Telugu language — its grammar and script evolving from the pen of the city-born poet, also known as Adi Kavi of Telugu, Nannayya, along with Tikkana and Yerrana, translated the Sanskrit version of Mahabharata into Telugu. Kandukuri Veeresalingam — a social reformer and the author of Rajashekhara Charithra, Rajahmundry was one of the biggest cities in South India in the 19th century. It was the hotbed of several movements during Indias freedom struggle, when the Indian National Congress had its first meeting in Bombay, two leaders from Rajahmundry, Nyapathi Subba Rao and Kandukuri Veeresalingam participated in it.

Andhra Pradesh — Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India, situated on the southeastern coast of the country. The state is the eighth largest state in India covering an area ofkm2, as per Census of India, the state is tenth largest by population with 49, inhabitants. On 2 Junethe portion of the state was bifurcated to form a new state of Telangana. In accordance with the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, Hyderabad will remain the de jure capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of not exceeding 10 years.

The state has a coastline of km with jurisdiction over nearly 15, km2 territorial waters, the second longest among all the states of India after Gujarat. It is bordered by Telangana in the north-west, Chhattisgarh in the north, Odisha in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south and the water body of Bay of Bengal in the east. A small enclave of 30 km2 of Yanam, a district of Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh is composed of two regions, Coastal Andhra, located along the Bay of Bengal, and Rayalaseema, in the inland southwestern part of the state.

These two regions comprise 13 districts, with 9 in Coastal Andhra and 4 in Rayalaseema, Andhra Pradesh hosted The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one of the worlds most visited religious sites, a tribe named Andhra has been mentioned in the Sanskrit texts such as Aitareya Brahmana.

According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhras left north India, archaeological evidence from places such as Amaravati, Dharanikota and Vaddamanu suggests that the Andhra region was part of the Mauryan Empire.

Amaravati might have been a centre for the Mauryan rule. The Satavahanas have been mentioned by the names Andhra, Andhrara-jatiya and Andhra-bhrtya in the Puranic literature, Dharanikota along with Amaravathi was the capital of the later Satavahanas. Amaravathi became a trade and pilgrimage centre during the Satavahana rule. According to the Buddhist tradition, Nagarjuna lived here, possibly in second, Andhra Ikshvakus were one of the earliest recorded ruling dynasties of the Guntur-Krishna regions of Andhra Pradesh.

They ruled the eastern Andhra country along the Krishna river during the half of the second century CE. Puranas called Andhra Ikshvakus Shri Parvatiya Andhras, archaeological evidence has suggested that the Andhra Ikshvakus immediately succeeded the Satavahanas in the Krishna river valley.

It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed.

Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire.

The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the midth century, the subcontinent came under British East Veeresaoingam Company rule, and in the midth under British crown rule.

A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, inthe Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity.

Following market-based economic reforms inIndia became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system.


It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations.

Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is one of the biggest cultural, economic, according to the Indian census, it is the sixth-largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India.

The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, Chennai is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked 43rd most visited city in the world for yearthe Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India.

Chennai attracts 45 percent of tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. As such, it is termed Indias health capital, as a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems. Chennai has the third-largest expatriate population in India at 35, in ,82, intourism guide publisher Lonely Planet named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world to visit in Chennai is ranked as a city in the Global Cities Index and was ranked the best city in India by India Today in the annual Indian city survey.

In Chennai was named the hottest city by the BBC, National Geographic ranked Chennais food as second best in the world, it was the only Indian city to feature in the list. Chennai was also named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet, the Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of the largest city economies of India.

Chennai is nicknamed The Detroit of India, with more than one-third of Indias automobile industry being based in the city, in Januaryit was ranked third in terms of per capita GDP. The name Madras originated even before the British presence was established in India, the name Madras is said to have originated from a Portuguese phrase mae de Deus which means mother of god, due to Portuguese influence on the port city.

However, it is whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans.

The Field Marshal of Social Reform: Kandukuri Veeresalingam

The British military mapmakers believed Madras was originally Mundir-raj or Mundiraj, Veereesalingam might have also been derived from the word Madhuras meaning juice of honey or sugarcane in Sanskrit. The nativity of name Chennai, being of Telugu origin is clearly proved by the historians.

The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a deed, dated 8 August Kzndukuri movement — A reform movement is the kind of social movement that aims to make gradual change, or change in certain aspects of society, rather than rapid or fundamental changes.

A reform movement is distinguished from more radical movements such as revolutionary movements. Reformists ideas are often grounded in liberalism, although they may be rooted in socialist or religious concepts, some rely on personal transformation, others rely on small collectives, such as Mahatma Gandhis spinning wheel and the self-sustaining village economy, as a mode of social change. Reactionary movements, which can arise against any of these, attempt to put back the way they were before any successes the new reform movement enjoyed.

The Radical movement campaigned for reform, a reform of the Poor Laws, free trade, educational reform, postal reform, prison reform. Originally this movement sought to replace the political power of the aristocracy with a more democratic system empowering urban areas. Following the Enlightenments ideas, the Reformers looked to the Scientific Revolution, applied to public life, this approach yielded several successful campaigns for changes in social policy.